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Our coffee

What you might not know about coffee

Whilst there are countless volumes of information on coffee out there, we list only a few paragraphs of information here, for those of you that are new to coffee and are curious about questions such as:

So what is coffee actually and where does it come from?

How is coffee processed, roasted and brewed?

How should roasted coffee be stored and how long does it stay fresh for?

Coffee beans are actually the seeds of berries harvested from certain coffea species of shrubs.  Once ripe, the coffee berries are picked, processed, dried and graded – as green coffee beans.

Green coffee beans are then shipped to traders and roasters all around the world and are roasted to varying degrees – typically light, medium and dark roasts, with the flavour becoming more intense as the roast level increases.

Coffee is grown and processed in many countries across most continents, inter alia including the South Americas (for instance Brazil and Colombia), East Africa (for instance Kenya and Ethiopia) and Asia (for instance Indonesia and China).

Roasting

Green coffee beans bear almost no resemblance to roasted coffee beans, in terms of appearance, smell and taste.

As green coffee beans are roasted, they dry out and increase in size, whilst turning from green to yellow, to light brown and then darker brown.

At a temperature of just below 200 degrees Celsius, the coffee beans start to emit a cracking sound – referred to as the first crack. This point in the roasting cycle marks the beginning of a light coffee roast.

As the roasting process continues, the coffee beans start to crack once more – at about 230 degrees Celsius (referred to as the second crack).

Light and medium roasts are terminated before the second crack starts, whilst a dark roast is terminated as the second crack starts or even some time after the second crack has started.

Brewing

Coffee is brewed (i.e. prepared as a beverage) in a wide variety of ways. For all of them the coffee beans need to be ground and mixed with hot water for a period of time, to release the flavours of the beans.

Brewing techniques include those that use pressure (for instance the espresso machine or a moka pot), those that use steeping/immersion (for instance the French press/coffee plunger), those that use filtration/dripping (for instance a filter machine or a multitude of trendy coffee drippers) and lastly, simply boiling your coffee with water (e.g. Turkish coffee).

Since coffee is best left in bean format until just prior to brewing, a bean-to-cup machine offers an easy (if somewhat expensive) way to prepare excellent quality coffee using pressure (i.e. similar to an espresso machine).

The brewing method you chose is entirely up to you, depending on how much you like to experiment with your coffee, your budget for buying coffee making machines and ultimately what sort of coffee taste you like.

Storage

Just roasted coffee beans need to ‘rest’, to give the flavours of the coffee time to develop. This is because during roasting, coffee beans develop carbon dioxide (CO2) gas. This gas is then released, over time, after roasting.  Generally, the resting period required is two to three days (for dark roasted beans) and seven to ten days (for medium and light roasted beans).

Oxygen is the enemy of fresh coffee, as it oxidizes the coffee and makes it go stale more quickly!  For this reason, good coffee should always be packed in a foil bag with a one-way valve.  One-way valves allow CO2 gas to escape, whilst preventing the ingress of oxygen. This is why we recommend that the coffee of Delish Coffee Roastery is stored by resealing the bag with the strip of tape provided with it. Coupled with this, store your coffee bags in a cool, dark and dry place.

Coffee should not be frozen or refrigerated.

The shelf-life of coffee is a complex subject that cannot be defined exactly, as coffee beans are dry and therefore do not go off (coffee is classed as a non-perishable food item). But suffice it to say that (following the initial ‘resting’ period) the general rule for coffee is ‘the fresher the better’.  This is why we at Delish Coffee Roastery always roast our beans to order, i.e. we do not keep stock of any of our products.

So, to make this all practical and for optimum enjoyment, ideally consume our coffee within 4 to 8 weeks after having received it from us.  All of our coffees contain a batch number on its packaging, reflecting a roast number, the month and year in which it was roasted, as well as a Best Before date.

Contact Us

info@delishcoffeeroastery.co.za

082 337 9176

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